Melting Wax

Preparation. What you will need to melt your wax

Wax Melting Kit

Step 1 - Melting Wax Info

To obtain the optimum result in your candles it is necessary to follow a few simple procedures while preparing your wax.

For safety reasons we recommend using the double boiler method for melting wax. Since wax is a fuel, and can catch on fire at around 390° F any direct heat method may pose certain risks. Water boils at 212° F which is well below the flash point of wax. Using boiling water to melt your wax greatly reduces the risk of fire.

Another benefit to double boiling over direct heat is that the molecular structure of the wax can be broken if it is brought to too high of a temperature. This could result in a discolored, crumbling, or improperly burning candle. The boiling water will not allow the wax to exceed 212° F which is too low a temperature for the molecular structure of the wax to deteriorate.

Also, it is fairly easy to adjust and regulate the temperature of the water, to arrive at and maintain any given temperature you may need to have your wax at for particular styles of candles.

Step 2 - Safety First

Safety during breaking wax block Safety glasses during breaking wax block

Let's start with an empty box, the block of wax , the pair of safety goggles, and the hammer.

NOTE: We are going to break up the block of wax into small pieces. The smaller the pieces of wax the quicker it will melt. The reason for the box is to help contain the mess that could be made while breaking up the block. It is important to wear protective eyewear while breaking up the block of wax.

Step 3 - Breaking Wax Block

Breaking Wax Block Breaking Wax Block Breaking Wax Block

Set one end of the block of wax down into the bottom of the box, holding the other end up with your left hand.

With the hammer, hit the block of wax directly in the center with a good follow through swing. The wax will break into two or more irregular pieces.

Step 4 - Breaking into smaller pieces

Breaking wax into pieces Breaking into smaller pieces Weigh the wax

Take one of the pieces and prop it up on an angle against another piece so that there is an empty space underneath the first piece.

With a follow through swing, hit the propped up piece with the hammer.

NOTE: Do not worry if none of the pieces are quite square, you just want to get close to this size.

Place pieces of wax onto your kitchen scale until you have the amount of wax you wish to work with.

Step 5 - Fill Steamer Pot

Fill Steamer Pot Steamer Pot on heater Boiling water

Fill the Steamer Pot half way with water. Put the Steamer pot on a heat source for the water to boil.

Bring the water to a boil. After the water has started boiling, turn the heat down to a simmer.

Step 6 - Wax and Dye

Wax in Melting Pot Add candle dye to wax

Place wax into the Melting Pot.

Add 1 chip of candle dye for each pound of wax being melted (or as your formula requires).

Step 7 - Add Additives

Add additives into melting wax melting pot with the wax into the simmering water in the steamer pot

Add any necessary additives that do not require special handling.

Place the melting pot with the wax into the simmering water in the steamer pot. The handle of the melting pot will hang outside of the steamer pot.

NOTE: Do not worry if the melting pot does not rest on the trivet in the steamer pot, it is normal for the melting pot to float inside the steamer pot.

IMPORTANT: Do not allow the water to come to a boil while the melting pot is in the steamer pot. The boiling water will splash up around the sides of the melting pot and may splatter your work surfaces. Also, if water gets into the wax you may end up making an unsatisfactory candle.

Step 8 - "Cooking" the Wax.

Check Temperature of melting wax Cook the wax in the steamer pot Cooking the wax for about 30 minutes

After the wax has turned to liquid check the temperature of the wax with the thermometer.

The wax should be 190°F.

Stir the wax with a stir stick.

Keep the wax at 190 F for about half an hour.

NOTE: Some waxes that come direct from the refineries can have micro bubbles or even air trapped within the crystalline structure. "Cooking" the wax for about 30 minutes helps reduce the flaws that naturally occur in the wax after it has been made into a candle.

Step 9 - Reduce Heat. Check and Adjust Wax Temperature

Check Temperature of melting wax Adjust Temperature of melting wax

Adjust temperature, allow wax to heat or cool to which ever temperature is necessary for your particular candle style.

When the wax as it the necessary temperature you are set to continue to your next procedure in making your candle.

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